GIIO Series

Green infrastructure presents a huge investment opportunity globally, with an estimated USD100tn worth of climate compatible infrastructure required between now and 2030 in order to meet Paris Agreement emissions reduction targets. However, there remains a lack of identifiable, investment-ready and bankable projects. There is also a lack of understanding of what types of assets and projects qualify for green financing.

In response to this challenge, Climate Bonds is developing a series of reports that aim to identify and demonstrate green infrastructure investment opportunities around the world. By so doing, it aims to raise awareness of what is green and where to invest, and to promote green bond issuance as a tool to finance green infrastructure.

The series commenced with the Green Infrastructure Investment Opportunities (GIIO) Indonesia report, launched in May 2018, followed by the Australia and New Zealand GIIO report, released in August 2018, and, most recently, the Australia GIIO 2019 report. The pipeline of GIIO reports being developed includes further exploration of opportunities in Asia-Pacific as well as opportunities in Latin America.


Australia & New Zealand



GIIO 2019 advocates increasing green investment in the real economy including green bonds and other green investment products and greater engagement between the financial sector, ASX listed corporates, the superannuation sector and governments around infrastructure and brown to green transition.


This report builds on the inaugural Green Infrastructure Investment Opportunities Australia and Zealand (GIIO) report released August 2018. (see below)





The existing green bond market in New Zealand is small but has momentum. The green loans market is also another area of promising growth in New Zealand. The report states New Zealand’s cumulative green and sustainability debt issuance is at NZD3.8bn as of 30 June 2019.








The GIIO Australia & New Zealand aims to facilitate greater engagement on these topics between project owners and developers, and institutional investors including asset managers and superannuation funds. 

Green finance instruments and trends are explored in the report, with sector-by-sector green infrastructure investment opportunities presented in reference case studies. 








O relatório Oportunidades de Investimento em Infraestrutura Verde — Brasil 2019 relaciona o atual estado do mercado brasileiro de finanças sustentáveis e o progresso de projetos de infraestrutura verde no Brasil.











The Green Infrastructure Investment Opportunities - Brazil 2019 report lists the current state of the Brazilian sustainable finance market and the progress of green infrastructure projects in Brazil.









This report builds on the inaugural Green Infrastructure Investment Opportunities, Indonesia report released in May 2018 (see below). It provides updated content to help meet the growing demand for green investment opportunities, including green bonds, as well as to support the country’s transition to a low-carbon economy.









Release in May 2018, the report explores a wide variety of green investment opportunities in Indonesia. It has been prepared to support Indonesia’s mission to develop low carbon and climate resilient infrastructure; and aims to facilitate engagement on this topic between project owners and developers, and investors.