Timeline of Development:
Nov 2018: Criteria released for Certification
June 2018: Forestry and Land Cnsvtn Restrtn Criteria open for public consultation
August 2017: TWG convened with greater focus on commercial forestry
May 2016: Land Use TWG reconvened
Sep 2015: Draft Land Use Criteria launched for public consultation
Oct 2014: Land Use TWG established
Nov 2019: First bond issued using Forestry Criteria, relating to plantation forestry
To see the whole list of Forestry, Land Conservation and Restoration Climate Bonds, visit our Database of Certified Bonds
Status: The Forestry, Land Conservation and Restoration Criteriacertification@climatebonds.netto start the certification process of your green bond.
We held 2 live Webinars on the Forestry Criteria in June and July 2018. The recording of this webinar, may be a useful introduction to the criteria requirements.
What are the Forestry, Land Conservation and Restoration Criteria?
For many countries and regions, land conservation and restoration is important both environmentally and economically. These habitats and thus their related investments can form a significant part of the capital assets of these countries. The UNFCCC has estimated that financial flows required to meet natural ecosystem protection needs are estimated at an increase in annual expenditure of USD 12–22 billion. A clear understanding of what sorts of investments are consistent with improving the climate resilience of conserved or restored land assets will help bond investors quickly determine the environmental credentials of green bonds related to land conservation and restoration.
The Land Conservation & Restoration requirements of the Forestry Criteria lay out the requirements that land conservation and restoration assets and/or projects must meet to be eligible for inclusion in a Certified Climate Bond. The bond must also meet the reporting and transparency requirements of the overarching Climate Bonds Standard in order to receive Certification.
The scope of the Criteria includes any natural, non-commercial landscape, including wetland, peatland, grassland (and savannahs), and desert landscapes
Forestry is an integral industry for many developed and developing countries and forestry-related investments thus form a huge part of the capital assets of these countries. The UNFCCC has estimated that, globally, an additional USD 14 billion in financial flows will be required to address climate impacts in agriculture, forestry, and fisheries in 2030. For forestry more specifically, UNEP estimates that USD 17-33 billion per year is required to achieve a 50% reduction in deforestation by 2030. A clear understanding of what sorts of investments are consistent with improving the climate resilience of forestry assets will allow bond investors to quickly determine the environmental credentials of forest-related green bonds.
These Criteria lay out the requirements that assets or projects must meet to be eligible for inclusion in a Certified Climate Bond. The bond must also meet the reporting and transparency requirements of the overarching Climate Bonds Standard in order to receive Certification.
Scope of Criteria
The type of projects which can receive Certification are:
Development of Forestry, Land Conservation and Restoration Criteria
Development of the Criteria originally began through scoping and testing criteria for wider Land Use. However, it was decided that to improve the ambition of each the Criteria, the land sector should be tackled by several separate criteria. Development of the Forestry, Land Conservation and Restoration Criteria with a separate Criteria for Agriculture followed.
To create the Criteria, we convened a Technical Working Groups (TWG) and an Industry Working Group (IWG) with representatives from investors, public entities, environmental and forestry NGOs and international policy bodies from around the world.
Forestry Criteria Technical Working Group Members
World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
University of Oxford
The Center for People
and Forests (RECOFTC)
Eco System Service Limited
Industry Working Group Members
Lars Mac Key, DanskeBank
Michael Anderson, ERM
Eliza Mathews, ANZ
Beth Nelson & Pip Best, EY
Jacob Michaelsen, Nordea
Mark Robinson, DNV.GL
Sophie Beckham, International Paper
Sami Lundgren & Timo Lehesvirta, UPM
Esben Brandi, APG Asset Management
Brian Kernohan, Hancock Natural Resources Group
Rama Chandra Reddy & Jean-Dominique Bescond, World Bank
Disclaimer: The Climate Bonds Standard Board operates legally as an advisory committee of the Climate Bonds Initiative Board and oversees the development of the Climate Bonds Standard. Neither the Climate Bonds Standard Board nor any organisation, individual or other person forming part of, or representing, the Climate Bonds Standard Board (together, "CBSB") accepts or owes any duty, liability or responsibility of any kind whatsoever to any issuer which wishes to apply for any of its bonds to be certified under the Climate Bonds Certification Scheme ("Scheme"), or to any issuer whose bonds may at any time be certified under the Scheme or to any other person or body whatsoever, whether with respect to the award or withdrawal of any certification under the Scheme or otherwise. All advice or recommendations with respect to any certification under the Scheme or otherwise that CBSB provides to the Climate Bonds Initiative Board is provided to it in an advisory capacity only and is not to be treated as provided or offered to any other person.