• Green Bond Pricing in the Primary Market H1 2022

    The Green Bond Pricing in the Primary Market H1 2022 Report, this is the 14th report in our pricing series, in which we observe how green bonds perform in the primary markets. This report includes green bonds issued in the first six months of 2022 (H1 2022) and in a first time analysis we saw greenium emerge for Sustainability-Linked Bonds (SLBs), covered in the spotlight section of this report. 


  • Estado del Mercado de Finanzas Sostenibles en Perú 2022

    'Estado del mercado de finanzas sostenibles en Perú 2022: los bonos verdes, sociales, sostenibles y relacionados con la sostenibilidad (GSS+) que se originaron en Perú aumentaron en 2021 y alcanzaron los USD 4800 millones, según el último reporte de Climate Bonds Initiative, producido en asociación con LAGreen Fund. El informe identifica oportunidades de inversión verde y sostenible en el país y trae las últimas cifras del mercado sobre la forma y el tamaño del mercado de deuda GSS+ peruano.

  • Peru Sustainable Finance State of The Market 2022

    Peru Sustainable Finance State of The Market: Green, social and sustainability and sustainability-linked (GSS+)

  • Social & Sustainability Bond Database Methodology

    Climate Bonds is expanding its data analysis capabilities with the launch of a Social and Sustainability Bond Database (SnS DB), in keeping with the diversifying labelled bond market. The new database will complement the existing Climate Bonds Green Bonds Database, an internationally authoritative source of best practice green debt product data.   

  • A Green Future for Steel

    Download the steel policy paper here.

    To achieve the Paris Agreement goals, all sectors of the economy must rapidly decarbonise. Greater attention is now being paid to the so-called hard-to-abate sectors such as steel. This paper examines the policies required to accelerate the EU steel industry transition to net zero. 

  • 2022年上半年全球可持续债务市场进展报告


  • Hoja de Ruta para una Taxonomía en Chile

    Hoja de Ruta para una Taxonomía en Chile

  • Taxonomy Roadmap for Chile

    Taxonomy Roadmap for Chile

  • Sustainable Debt Market Summary H1 2022

    Our latest market update shows that Green, social, sustainability, sustainability-linked, and transition (GSS+) labelled debt reached a combined volume of USD417.8bn in the first half of 2022 (H1 2022), representing a year-on-year (YoY) decrease of 27% against H1 2021. However, signs of a revival emerged as green issuance picked up in Q2, increasing by 25% on Q1 volumes with a total of USD121.3bn.

  • Discussion Paper: Certification of Short-Term Debt

    Green finance has typically been the realm of the global bond, loans, and other long-term markets, amassing almost $2trillion in volume to date. However, to direct larger capital flows towards climate solutions, investors must be able to easily identify all types of green finance instruments. The estimated USD55trillion value of global short-term debt markets offers an enormous pool of capital, on top of the global bond market, in which green finance can expand. 

  • Hong Kong Green and Sustainable Debt Market Briefing 2021

    The Climate Bonds Initiative, in partnership with HSBC, and supported by HKMA and HKGFA, presents the Hong Kong Green and Sustainable Debt Market Briefing 2021.  

    The briefing offers leading analysis of green, social, sustainability, transition bonds, and sustainability-linked debt instruments (GSS+) in the region.

    Download your copy NOW!






  • 全球可持续债券市场 2022年第一季度概览



    *      截至2022年第一季度,GSS+债券的累计发行量突破3万亿美元,其中绿色债券为1.7万亿美元

    *      截至2022年第一季度, 可持续发展挂钩债券的累计发行量达到1555亿美元,转型债券为102亿美元

    *      2022年第一季度,GSS+债券的发行量达到2022亿美
    *   1月的GSS+债券发行量居第一季度之首,达1029亿美元

  • 中国绿色债券市场报告2021

    中国在2030年前实现碳达峰是可行的。2021年,中国绿色债券发行量的迅猛增长有力地印证了其加快碳减排工作的雄心; 而实现中国宏大的 “双碳” 目标还需要加快绿色和可持续的投资并进一步壮大其规模。



  • China Green Bond Market Report 2021

    China is very likely to reach its carbon peaking goal before 2030. The momentum seen in its 2021 green bond issuance will continue to support that. However, green and sustainable financing in China needs to further accelerate on a larger scale to provide the funding required to reach the 30·60 targets.

    Learn more about the Green Bond market development in China in this new report produced by Climate Bonds Initiative and China Central Depository & Clearing Co. Ltd Research Centre (CCDC Research), with the support of HSBC.

    Download your copy NOW!

  • Linking Global Finance to Small-Scale Clean Energy

    This report discusses the potential of financial aggregation in enabling global capital markets to finance distributed renewable energy (for residential and other uses) in developing countries. It explores the state of small-scale, low-carbon energy in developing countries as well as the barriers to financial aggregation, along with some proposed solutions and key considerations for market practitioners.

  • ASEAN Sustainable Debt Market 2021

    The sustainable debt market in the 6 largest ASEAN economies continued to grow rapidly in 2021 with record issuance of green, social, and sustainability (GSS) debt totaling USD24bn compared to USD13.6bn in 2020. This growth reflects the regions’ enthusiasm to allocate capital for the response to the COVID-19 pandemic along with facilitating long-term, low carbon, and climate-resilient economic growth. 

    Learn more about the ASEAN sustainable debt market in 2021 in our latest report. Now available for download.

  • Promoting Local Currency Sustainable Finance in ASEAN+3

    The Promoting Local Currency Sustainable Finance in ASEAN+3 report is a regional update on the green, social, sustainable, sustainability-linked and transition bond market, with a particular focus on local currency (LCY) sustainable bond markets in ASEAN+3.

  • India Sustainable Debt Market State of the Market 2021 report

    The India sustainable debt market continued to grow in 2021 with issuance of green, social, and sustainability (GSS) debt totaling USD7.5bn, a six-fold (+585%) increase compared to 2020 figures. These and other findings are brought by the India Sustainable Debt Market State of the Market 2021 report, launched today by the Climate Bonds Initiative.

  • Sustainable Debt Market Summary Q1 2022

    The labelled bond market topped $200bn in the first quarter of 2022, despite unfavourable conditions for fixed income securities. The green, social, sustainable, and other labelled (GSS+) bond charge was threatened by market volatility as the Ukraine war and rising interest rates sprung upon the opening months of the year. Despite this, the market demonstrated resilience and amassed a strong volume which is expected to rise over the coming months.

  • ASEAN economies exposure to climate transition risks

    This report examines ASEAN exposure to transition risks. The report describes the major channels by which these risks will be transmitted through to the financial economy and examines possible local and global sources of transition risk.
    Sources of transition risk vulnerability are revealed through analysis of ASEAN bond and loan data, with a particular focus on Indonesia, the Philippines and Viet Nam.
  • 中国绿色金融政策分析报告2021

    气候债券倡议组织和商道融绿共同发布《中国绿色金融政策分析报告2021》,本报告得到了英国加速气候转型合作伙伴计划(UK PACT)的支持。


    • 中国绿色金融政策聚焦碳中和的相关进展;

  • China Green Finance Policy Analysis Report 2021

    With the support of UK PACT (Partnering for Accelerated Climate Transition), the Climate Bonds Initiative and SynTao Green Finance launched China Green Finance Policy Analysis Report 2021. The report assesses China's latest green finance policies and provides an overview of its green bond market development. 

  • 中国绿色债券 投资者调查 2022

    中国绿色债券 投资者调查 2022
    气候债券倡议组织和商道融绿在香港交易及结算所有限公司和法国外贸银行的支持下,于今天发布了《中国绿色债券投资者调查报告2022》。 报告中的问卷参与对象(42家机构)均来自中国银行间市场交易商协会发布的中国主要绿色债券投资者名单,以及活跃在中国绿色债券市场的国际投资人。该调查显示绿色资质和信用基本面是进一步提高中国市场绿色债券吸引力的关键。欢迎下载阅读!
  • Post-Issuance Reporting in China's Green Bond Market 2022

    This is Climate Bonds’ first study of post-issuance disclosure practices of green bonds in China, produced in partnership with SynTao Green Finance. Available in both English and Chinese, it builds on the series of global studies on this topic that Climate Bonds has conducted over the last few years.

  • Sustainable Debt Global State of the Market 2021

    Climate Bonds’ flagship global State of the Market Report details the size and substance of green and other labelled bond markets. This, the 11th iteration, has been extended and now includes analysis of the green, social and sustainability (GSS) markets, plus sustainability-linked bonds (SLBs), and transition bonds. The publication represents the most extensive analysis available in the labelled finance space with features on taxonomies and sovereign bonds.


  • Green Bond China Investor Survey 2022

    Climate Bonds Initiative and SynTao Green Finance, with the support of Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited (HKEX) and Natixis Corporation and Investment Banking (Natixis CIB) present the Green Bond China Investor Survey 2022 report. Conducted with 42 investment institutions among largest domestic and international green bond investors, the survey reveals that satisfactory green credentials and credit fundamentals are top priorities for furthering the appeal of green bonds coming from China. Download your copy now!

  • Green Bond Pricing in the Primary Market H2 2021

    The Report is the 13th iteration of a leading series analysing pricing dynamics of green bonds, examining how these instruments offer pricing advantages for investors and issuers alike.

  • Identifying, managing and disclosing climate-related financial risks: options for the Reserve Bank of India

    India has committed to becoming a net-zero economy by 2070. This means a five fold increase in investment in green energy by 2030. But Indian banks are already heavy lenders to the power sector.
    In this report the authors quantify the extent of lending by Indian banks to fossil fuel assets including power stations, coal, oil and gas extraction and heavy industry. This loans pose potential risks to Indian financial systems capacity to transition to decarbonise.
  • Green Infrastructure Investment Opportunity (GIIO) Indonesia: Green Recovery 2022 Report

    The Climate Bonds Initiative is pleased to present the Green Infrastructure Investment Opportunities Indonesia: Green Recovery report, which identifies and analyses multiple green infrastructure projects open for potential investment and development in the country. Indonesia GIIO has been produced with the support of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the ADB-managed ASEAN Catalytic Green Finance Facility (ACGF), and PT Sarana Multi Infrastruktur (PT SMI).

  • 全球绿色分类标准制定、统一及实施进展研究报告

    气候债券倡议组织(Climate Bonds Initiative)与英国加速气候转型合作伙伴计划(UK PACT)合作,发布了全球绿色分类标准制定、统一及实施进展研究报告,该报告重点介绍了绿色分类标准发展的最新趋势及对可持续金融市场的影响。


  • Global Green Taxonomy Development, Alignment and Implementation

    The Climate Bonds Initiative (Climate Bonds), in collaboration with the UK PACT programme, presents the Global Green Taxonomy Development, Alignment and Implementation report which highlights the latest trends around taxonomy development and their the subsequent implications for the future of the sustainable finance market.

  • 中国转型金融研究报告

    《中国转型金融研究报告》是由气候债券倡议组织和中节能衡准科技服务(北京)有限公司共同撰写,并由英国加速气候转型合作伙伴计划(UK PACT)资助。本报告梳理了当前转型金融的最新进展,提出实现可信转型应遵守的原则,并以中国钢铁行业为例,讨论如何应用转型金融。

  • Transition Finance in China: latest development and future outlook

    The Climate Bonds Initiative and CECEP Hundred Technical Service (Beijing) Co., Ltd. (CECEP), with the support of UK PACT, presents the Transition Finance in China: latest development and future outlook report. Taking the Chinese steel sector as a case study, this report reviews the latest development of transition finance in China and discusses recommendations to enable a credible transition. 


  • Green Infrastructure Investment Opportunities Thailand

    The Green Infrastructure Investment Opportunities Thailand (Thai GIIO) report identifies and analyses green infrastructure projects open for potential investment and highlights avenues for further pipeline development. This report has been produced with the support of the

  • 中国可持续债券市场盘点报告

    《中国可持续债券市场盘点报告》分析了中国可持续债券市场截至2021年上半年的发展情况,重点关注现有可持续债券品种的定义、监管框架和市场发展,并将视角拓展到市场标准和激励/约束政策的最新发展。这份报告由气候债券倡议组织和兴业研究联合推出,感谢英国加速气候转型合作伙伴计划(UK PACT)的支持。

  • China’s Growing Sustainable Debt Market

    China's Growing Sustainable Debt Market report analyses the development of China sustainable debt market up to the first half of 2021, focusing on the definitions, regulatory frameworks, and market development of existing sustainable labels, and takes an additional lens into the latest developments in market standards and policy incentives/constraints. The report was produced in partnership with CIB Economic Research and Consulting Co., Ltd. (CIB Research), with the support of UK PACT (Partnering for Accelerated Climate Transition).