Programmatic Certification - Frequently Asked Questions

 

 What is Programmatic Certification? 

Climate Bonds Programmatic Certification is a streamlined process for obtaining Climate Bonds Certification. It involves the Verification of a large pool of eligible assets in anticipation of a multiple green bond issuance programme. 

The designated asset pool is verified and repeat Certified issuance can be made at the Issuer’s discretion. The independent Verifier provides annual Verification to ensure that the bonds and the overall programme continue to meet the requirements of the Climate Bonds Standard. 

Who should adopt Programmatic Certification? 

Large or repeat bond issuers with established debt capital raising programmes and capability. These may be banks, insurers, public or private utilities, listed corporates or listed or unlisted infrastructure debt managers. 

It is particularly useful for issuers with a large portfolio of assets who are looking to follow international best practice in green debt issuance and demonstrate to investors their commitment to low carbon investment in line with the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement. 

Is Programmatic Certification different from basic Certification? 

The basic Certification process involves both pre-issuance and post-issuance Verification on each individual issuance to receive Certification. 

Programmatic Certification requires pre-issuance and post-issuance Verification for the first bond issued under the programme and subsequently requires annual Verification for the duration of the programme. 

Programmatic removes the pre-issuance step on individual bonds ensuring a smoother internal process whilst maintaining the integrity of the Certification process. 

 

 Does the Issuer have to have a minimum number of future planned issuances to be part of Programmatic Certification? 

As a guideline, though this is not a requirement, it is expected that the Issuer will plan to issue bonds at least once a year. If the Issuer plans to issue less frequently, it is more suited for the Issuer to use the basic Certification route for individual bond issuances. 

Can the Issuer change the asset pool after it received the initial Certification? 

Yes, the asset pool may change over time. 

The Issuer can add or subtract projects and assets from the portfolio. Whether the portfolio changes or not, each bond and the pool of projects and assets will be reviewed by the Verifier annually, to see if it complies with the Climate Bonds Standard. 

What are the Costs of Programmatic Certification? 

Climate Bonds Programmatic Certification costs are less than basic Certification costs, as the eligible asset pool from which bonds may be issued is identified and assessed at the beginning of the programme. This results in a cost reduction when compared to the verification costs associated with a series of individual or one-off certifications by issuers with large asset pools or ongoing plans for green issuance. 

The Certification Fee is invoiced for each individual bond issuance under the programme, which is 1/10th of a basis point of the size of the bond. For example, the Certification Fee for each issuance of a $100 million bond under Programmatic Certification is $1000. 

 

Does the Issuer have to have a minimum size of bond issue to be part of Programmatic Certification? 

There is no minimum. An example is New York State Housing Finance Agency (HFA) that has issued 11 bonds of multiple denominations; all lower than benchmark size. 

Green Issuers using Programmatic

Certification as of March 2019 

Issuer

Sector

Country

Total USD million

Number of Issues

  1. New York Metropolitan Transport Authority (MTA)

Transport

US

6182

9

  1. Société du Grand Paris (SGP)

Transport

France

4417

5

  1.  SNCF Réseau 

Transport

France

3513

4

  1. DNB Boligkreditt AS

Buildings

Norway

2690

2

  1. National Australia Bank (NAB)

Multiple Sectors

Australia

2010

4

  1. Contact Energy Ltd.

Geothermal energy

New Zealand

1475

multiple

  1. Landesbank Baden Württemberg (LBBW)

Buildings

Germany

1465

2

  1. Queensland Treasury Corp

Multiple Sectors

Australia

1464

2

  1. San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC)

Water

US

1413

5

  1. TCorp 

Multiple Sectors

Australia

1300

1

  1. Westpac

Multiple Sectors

Australia

1090

4

  1. New York State Housing Finance Agency’s (HFA)

Buildings

US

998.5

11

  1. Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART)

Transport

US

570

2

  1. City and County of San Francisco

Transport 

US

328

2

  1. Japan Rail Construction Transportation and Technology (JRTT)

Transport 

Japan

TBC

TBC


How can you find out more?

Please contact directly:

 

 

Matteo Bigoni

Head of Certification

Climate Bonds Initiative 
mob:
 +44 (0) 7850 390 261

matteo.bigoni@climatebonds.net

certification@climatebonds.net